Attappady situated in the Palakkad district of Kerala is bordered by Nilgiri district and Coimbatore of Tamilnadu on its North and east respectively and Malappuram district of Kerala on the west. On its south is the Mannarkkad taluk of Palakkad district. Attappady is an area classified as the first Integrated Tribal Development Block of Kerala and forms part of Mannarkkad Taluk of Palakkad District. It is situated north of Palakkad town, close to the Tamil Nadu border . This undulating hilly tract is drained by the river Bhavani and its main tributary Siruvani. It has a total area of 745sq km. spread over three Panchayats namely Agali, Pudur and Sholayur. The entire area was covered with the dense forests and infested with wild animals, mosquitoes, and leaches. Attappady got its name from attatheblood leach and pady, the habitation. It is believed that the immigration of the tribes folk into Attappady began before the 15th century. There are three different tribes in Attappady: Irulars, Mudugars, and Kurumbars. Attappady is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.TheNilgiris form a complex topography, which is isolated from after high ranges.The mountains in this range are some of the oldest geological formations in South Western India. About 80 percent of the area of Attappady is under forest, (mostly denuded) as against 27percent in the State. About 210 sq. km are covered by revenue forests. Bamboo is a very common plant in the area. Many medicinal plants grow wild in the forest. Trees such as Teak,Rose wood, Chadachi also grow well here. BOUNDARIES: (With name of Districts around) North: Nilgiris (TN) South: Palakkad East: Coimbatore (TN) West: Malappuram District CULTIVATION The western slopes are under denser vegetation. Indiscriminate denudation and practice of shifting cultivation once prevalent in this tract had created patches of land sometimes under cultivation especially in the embankment of rivers and rivulets. These patches are under paddy, coconut, areacanut, tapioca, banana, ginger, turmeric, vegetables, etc. Plantation crops like coffee, cardamom, clove etc. are cultivated on the southern and western slopes. The eastern slopes are predominantly under dry land agricultural crops, which include chamai, sorghum, ragi, groundnut, sunflower etc. Both in the eastern and western slopes, wherever irrigation facilities are available, sugarcane, cotton etc. are cultivated. The western slopes carry a wide variety of forest species commonly found in other parts of Western Ghats. But the eastern slopes carry scanty vegetation, predominantly deciduous and thorny in nature Attappady's main rivers are Bhavani and Kunthi. Shiruvani, Varagar and Kodugara are the main tributaries of Bhavaniriver which flows to Tamilnadu then converging with Kaveri river. Kunthi is one of the major tributaries of Bharathapuzha originating from Angindamudy of Silentvally national park. Many birds and animals are living in this area. Mainly Salient valley forest area and all of this western ghats are more suitable places for its. Every year researchers identify new species of plants and birds in this untamed wilderness. some species of birds Great Indian Horn-bill, Nilgiri Wood-pigeon, Malabar Parakeet,Grey-headed Bulbul, Broad-tailed Grass bird, Rufus Babbler, White-bellied Short-wing,Long-legged Buzzard, Sispara, Red winged crested cuckoo, Malabar Pied Hornbill,Paleharrier,Wynaad Laughing Thrush, Nilgiri Laughing Thrush Black-and-orange Flycatcher, Black bulbul.